Concrete representation
Concrete representation. The Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract approach (CPA) is a highly effective approach to teaching that develops a deep and sustainable understanding of maths in pupils. Often referred to as the concrete, representational, abstract framework, CPA was developed by American psychologist Jerome Bruner. It is an essential technique within the Singapore ... a literal and concrete representation of an experience of the senses or of an object known by the senses. figure of speech. an intentional departure from the normal order, construction, or meaning of words. symbol. something that is itself and also stands for something else. Is the city in In His Steps a symbol?The representation that students use most in visual representation is the area/region model, which is one of the fraction models. In the area/region model, students generally preferred the ...Representation (semi-concrete or pictoral) is the second phase, often referred to as "the seeing stage", when instruction connects the concrete manipulatives to drawing, pictures, and other visual representations of concrete objects.Concrete Representational Abstract Sequence. The CRA framework is an instructional strategy that stands for concrete, representational, and abstract; it is critical to helping students move through their learning of math concepts. To fully understand the idea behind CRA, or concrete representational abstract, think about a small child learning ... If you’re in the market for a concrete pump, it’s important to choose the right one for your construction project. A concrete pump is an essential tool that helps you transport and place concrete quickly and efficiently.Request PDF | Teaching With Concrete and Abstract Visual Representations: Effects on Students' Problem Solving, Problem Representations, and Learning Perceptions | In 3 experiments, we examined ...Jan 1, 1998 · The closer the isomorphism between the concrete representation and the symbolic representa- tion, the more obvious will be the analogical procedure, the greater the likely level of understanding, and the less the likelihood of errors through misinterpretations. 40 HALL 2. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.Concrete Representation of Odd + Odd = Even . Problem or conjecture. When any two odd numbers are added, it will result in an even sum. Young learners will operationalize and demonstrate this with concrete objects. Background information. Learners can . count and represent groups of objects to 20. know even and odd numbers to 20.ically, we develop a concrete representation of quantum operators as path-sums – exponential sums of basis states over a ﬁnite set of Boolean path variables. Our path-sums directly coincide with the standard mathematical presentation of common quantum circuits and algorithms (e.g., [25]), and further allow theRequest PDF | Teaching With Concrete and Abstract Visual Representations: Effects on Students' Problem Solving, Problem Representations, and Learning Perceptions | In 3 experiments, we examined ...Allegory definition, a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another. See more.2 I ©SO – 3002 All irthgs ersedevr EN ISO 3766:2003 IS:6673 O3002(E) Table 1 — Representation and drawing conventions of concrete reinforcements without prestressing No. Description Representation 1 Views a) General representation of bar by a continuous extra-wide line b) Bent reinforcement bar 1) representation as a polygonal continuous ...The 88-year-old is considered a chameleon among painters — an artist caught between abstraction and concrete representation, who has constantly shifted between new styles of painting.A concrete representation in mathematics is a mathematical representation of a physical or geometric structure. Concrete representations can be used to represent real-world objects and structures, as well as models of scientific theories and models of the universe.Using the concrete-representational-abstract sequence and the strategic instruction model to teach computation to students with autism spectrum disorders and developmental disabilities. Educating and Training in Developmental Disabilities , 49, 547-554.Hardie Board refers to James Hardie siding products produced by manufacturer James Hardie. The company has a selection of products that includes HardieTrim Boards and HardieTrim Cement Boards. There are also other cement board manufacturers...use of concrete experience is Dewey’sprincipleofinteraction—external factors (e.g., instructional activities) need to mesh with internal factors (readiness, interest). Cognitive views of concrete materials, such as the cognitive alignment perspective and dual-representation hypothesis, provide useful guidance about external factors0813 3355 4787 Produsen Besi Grating Galvanis Termurah... Tue 12:00 AM. 3 guests are goinguse of concrete experience is Dewey’sprincipleofinteraction—external factors (e.g., instructional activities) need to mesh with internal factors (readiness, interest). Cognitive views of concrete materials, such as the cognitive alignment perspective and dual-representation hypothesis, provide useful guidance about external factors12 thg 1, 2010 ... A Neurosemantic Theory of Concrete NounRepresentation Based on the Underlying Brain CodesMarcel Adam Just1*, Vladimir L. Cherkassky1, ...Research on the Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA) Sequence. Conceptual understanding of quantity follows a developmental sequence. It begins at the concrete level when students physically act out a math problem, or use manipulatives such as blocks, toothpicks, fraction pieces, or other three-dimensional objects to model a mathematical ...The notion of a “mental representation” is, arguably, in the first instance a theoretical construct of cognitive science. As such, it is a basic concept of the Computational Theory of Mind, according to which cognitive states and processes are constituted by the occurrence, transformation and storage (in the mind/brain) of information-bearing …
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Feb 27, 2019 · The nature of abstract and concrete semantics and differences between them have remained a debated issue in psycholinguistic and cognitive studies for decades. Most of the available behavioral and neuroimaging studies reveal distinctions between these two types of semantics, typically associated with a so-called “concreteness effect.” Many attempts have been made to explain these ... a literal and concrete representation of an experience of the senses or of an object known by the senses. figure of speech. an intentional departure from the normal order, construction, or meaning of words. symbol. something that is itself and also stands for something else. Is the city in In His Steps a symbol?To fully understand the idea behind CRA, or concrete representational abstract, think about a small child learning to count. They may learn counting to 10 by memorizing a song. Then, these numbers are used to teach them to count. First, they may be counting blocks by pointing or moving the object.NCTM 2000, p. 67. Representation can take a variety of forms. Students can use concrete objects to demonstrate mathematical concepts, as when they use toy blocks to model an …LATEST. HÜDA PAR (The Free Cause Party) Istanbul Provincial Presidency organized a peaceful march in a display of solidarity with the Palestinian people. The event …Noun 1. concrete representation - a representation of an abstract idea in concrete terms concretism internal representation, mental representation,... Concrete representation - definition of concrete representation by The Free Dictionary•Representation exposureis unintentional external access to the underlying representation of an object. •Allows access without going through object's public methods •Representation exposure can cause problems. •If you must allow representation exposure to a mutable object, document why and how and feel bad about it CSCI 2600 Spring 2021 6Theoretical accounts have more difficulty explaining the representation of abstract concepts, and in particular verb concepts, largely due to the fact that verbs tend to be rated as less concrete than nouns (Bird, Franklin, & Howard, 2001). Hybrid theories of semantic processing provide greater opportunity to address abstractness.the concrete and representational-concrete levels. This conceptual knowledge pro-vides context through which students can understand and develop procedural knowl-edge, then proceed to accuracy and fluency (Miller et al. 201 1). CRA Interventions Early CRA research focused on basic number operations such as addition, subtrac-
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A longstanding debate concerns the use of concrete versus abstract instructional materials, particularly in domains such as mathematics and science. Although decades of research have focused on the advantages and disadvantages of concrete and abstract materials considered independently, we argue for an approach that moves beyond this dichotomy and combines their advantages. Specifically, we ...A parse tree is a concrete representation of the source code. It preserves all the information of the source code, including trivial information such as separators, whitespaces, comments, etc. Whereas, an AST is an abstract representation of the source code, and may not contain some of the information that is there in the source.As most commonly interpreted in education, mathematical representations are visible or tangible productions – such as diagrams, number lines, graphs, arrangements of concrete objects or manipulatives, physical models, mathematical expressions, formulas and equations, or depictions on the screen of a computer or calculator – that encode, stand for, or embody mathematical ideas or relationships.
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The teaching sequence is not beginning from concrete to abstract 26 Not involving teaching and learning of mathematics 159 “Manipulatives” does not refer to teaching aids 17 “CPA” is not referring to “Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract” or “CRA” is not referring to “Concrete-Representation-Abstract” 10 Total 235 Data Pre-processinguse of concrete experience is Dewey’sprincipleofinteraction—external factors (e.g., instructional activities) need to mesh with internal factors (readiness, interest). Cognitive views of concrete materials, such as the cognitive alignment perspective and dual-representation hypothesis, provide useful guidance about external factors
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As a contractor, accuracy is everything when it comes to estimating concrete projects. One tool that can significantly improve the precision and efficiency of your estimates is a concrete estimate calculator.The terms abstract concept and concrete concept have created for you a confusion that would have been avoided if they'd instead had the names concept of abstract referent(s) and concept of concrete referent(s). (Which referents are abstract as opposed to concrete is a much more involved question. People might say e.g. "abstract referents …
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Concrete representation is when a math concept is introduced with manipulatives. So, when students are working with manipulatives, this is the representation we are focusing on. Examples. We are helping students make …What is "Art is the concrete representation of our most sub... "? "Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings." This is a quote by Agnes Martin which is about . He is known to have been associated with numerous other thought provoking quotes on these topics like; Youth is the gift of nature, but age is a work of art.
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acquisition as well as further representation of both concrete and. abstract concepts (Vigliocco et al., 2009). As a side note, this. approach provides a way to deﬁne speciﬁc semantics as a ...A physical model is a concrete representation that is distinguished from the mathematical and logical models, both of which are more abstract representations of the system. The abstract model can be further classified as descriptive (similar to logical) or analytical (similar to mathematical). Some example models are shown in Figure 1. Figure 1.Figure 3 shows this process at the concrete level; see column on the left side of the figure. Ms. Jackson showed Ray how to add to 179, noting the numbers needed to find the difference. The first step in Figure 3 showed representation of the subtrahend (179), which is the addend in the newly created missing addend problem (179 + __ = 400). She ...The concrete stage of CVA. During this stage, students use concrete objects to model problems. With the CVA framework, abstract concepts are first introduced ...
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may be helpful to begin lessons with a model of the concrete representation of a math concept to activate students’ prior knowledge. There are various tools that can aid in this type of instruction: • Use a document camera with a virtual platform to show the use of concrete manipulatives during instruction.To fully understand the idea behind CRA, or concrete representational abstract, think about a small child learning to count. They may learn counting to 10 by memorizing a song. Then, these numbers are used to teach them to count. First, they may be counting blocks by pointing or moving the object.In maths, teachers often refer to concrete representations - this simply means that the children are using equipment to solve calculations. It can be anything from a ten-frame to base 10 cubes and counting toys such as marbles. See our Twinkl Teaching Wiki for a much more detailed explanation.
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Explicit representation of physical processes in concrete fracture. E N Landis1 and J E Bolander2. Published 22 October 2009 • 2009 IOP Publishing LtdThis process is known as the CRA or Concrete Representation Abstract model. Here, I break down the multiplication example from above into these three steps: Concrete: Representation: Abstract: 3 x 5 = 15 . Quick note: Multiplication is repeated addition. It provides an efficient way to add the same number over and over again.What is "Art is the concrete representation of our most sub... "? "Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings." This is a quote by Agnes Martin which is about . He is known to have been associated with numerous other thought provoking quotes on these topics like; Youth is the gift of nature, but age is a work of art.1. No difference view: abstract and concrete concepts have the same core representations. According to both (a) amodal (e.g., Fodor, 1998) and (b) strictly modal (e.g., Barsalou, 1999) theories of concepts and words, concrete, and abstract sentences are represented in the same format (amodal vs. modal).
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The concrete can help them develop a better understanding of the representation and the abstract. These should not be done in isolation. They can work together in the same lesson to help kids build their deep understanding of fractions and what it means to operate with fractions. a literal and concrete representation of an experience of the senses or of an object known by the senses. figure of speech. an intentional departure from the normal order, construction, or meaning of words. symbol. something that is itself and also stands for something else. Is the city in In His Steps a symbol?This process is known as the CRA or Concrete Representation Abstract model. Here, I break down the multiplication example from above into these three steps: Concrete: Representation: Abstract: 3 x 5 = 15 . Quick note: Multiplication is repeated addition. It provides an efficient way to add the same number over and over again.The vector space I am interested now arises by killing the image of this commutator map in $\bigoplus_p M_p(\mathbb R)$; I would like to understand this quotient in terms of some concrete representation (for example regarding said cokernel inside the $\mathbb R$-algebra of all linear operators $\mathbb R^{\mathbb N} \to \mathbb R^{\mathbb N ...12 thg 1, 2010 ... A Neurosemantic Theory of Concrete NounRepresentation Based on the Underlying Brain CodesMarcel Adam Just1*, Vladimir L. Cherkassky1, ...Students' experiences with physical objects form the basis for learning at the abstract level (Skemp, 1987). According to cognitive psychologist Jerome Bruner, there are three stages of representation through which students demonstrate their understanding: enactive (use of concrete objects), iconic, and symbolic (1960, 1986).Abstract. English schoolchildren do not fare well in international comparisons of mathematical, particularly algebraic, ability. I believe that this is at least partly due to algebra being traditionally taught using only symbols, ignoring the enactive-iconic-symbolic trajectory described by Jerome Bruner, which says that experiencing the way in which …Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract (CPA) is an effective method for teaching that offers a sustainable and deep understanding of maths to the students. Often marked as the concrete, representational, abstract framework, CPA was first proposed by the American psychologist Jerome Bruner. CPA approach is a crucial strategy to teach maths for mastery in ... contrary to scientific knowledge, e.g. a scientific “misconception”, it is found that the concrete representation invokes incorrect answers more frequently than abstract representations. In addition, an interaction is found between the final course grade of the student and the abstract vs. concrete problem format, with higher grade students ...LATEST. HÜDA PAR (The Free Cause Party) Istanbul Provincial Presidency organized a peaceful march in a display of solidarity with the Palestinian people. The event …Once again we come back to the notion of the learner as a sense maker in the classroom and the need to offer learners opportunities to make sense of both the manipulatives used and their relation to the mathematical ideas and problems which they are being used to solve. Moyer also draws attention to the need for familiarity of the learner with ...This study investigates the effects of annotation on abstract and concrete visual representations in science education. Two studies were conducted: Study 1 investigated the interaction between annotation and visual representations. The results of this study demonstrated that in science learning, annotation with abstract visual representations was superior to annotation with concrete visual ...
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tions with the problems of concrete representation of abstract (L)-spaces, dis-cussed by the author [9], [11] in connection with the general theory of Markoff processes and ergodic theorems. In Part I, we shall give the definitions and the exact formulations of funda-mental theorems (Theorems 1 and 2). We shall also discuss their relations to may be helpful to begin lessons with a model of the concrete representation of a math concept to activate students’ prior knowledge. There are various tools that can aid in this type of instruction: • Use a document camera with a virtual platform to show the use of concrete manipulatives during instruction.According to this model, all the hydration products deposit over the cement particles and hence the hydrating cement particles are represented as growing spheres. Maekawa et al. [ 3 ] developed a model called DUrability of COncrete Model (DUCOM) which can demonstrate the microstructure formation of hardening concrete and also …As a semi-concrete representation of number, number lines can help connect concrete representations of number (e.g., six base-10 blocks, or a set of six objects) to their abstract representation ...
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15 minutes. 1 pt. Here are Anthony's concrete and numerical representations for the first three pools. Which would be an accurate symbolic representation of the relationship between the width of the pool (w), and the number of tiles in its border (t)? t = 4 w + 8 t=4w+8 t = 4 w + 8. t = 2 w + 8 t=2w+8 t = 2 w + 8.may be helpful to begin lessons with a model of the concrete representation of a math concept to activate students’ prior knowledge. There are various tools that can aid in this type of instruction: • Use a document camera with a virtual platform to show the use of concrete manipulatives during instruction. tions with the problems of concrete representation of abstract (L)-spaces, dis-cussed by the author [9], [11] in connection with the general theory of Markoff processes and ergodic theorems. In Part I, we shall give the definitions and the exact formulations of funda-mental theorems (Theorems 1 and 2). We shall also discuss their relations toA longstanding debate concerns the use of concrete versus abstract instructional materials, particularly in domains such as mathematics and science. Although decades of research have focused on the advantages and disadvantages of concrete and abstract materials considered independently, we argue for an approach that moves beyond this dichotomy and combines their advantages. Specifically, we ...
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This means that a structure only needs one fixed support in order to be stable. All three equations of equilibrium can be satisfied. A flagpole set into a concrete base is a good example of this kind of support. The representation of fixed supports always includes two forces (horizontal and vertical) and a moment. FIXED CONNECTIONSThe Circle of Inclusion Project (University of Kansas) and Raintree Montessori (Lawrence, Kansas) listed 11 specific ways in which Montessori education addresses the needs of all children, including those with disabilities. Included in this list is “Academic materials that provide a concrete representation of the abstract.”Request PDF | Teaching With Concrete and Abstract Visual Representations: Effects on Students' Problem Solving, Problem Representations, and Learning Perceptions | In 3 experiments, we examined ...Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract: Surveying its Origins and Charting its Future Leong Yew Hoong, Ho Weng Kin, Cheng Lu Pien ... representation, is a well-known instructional heuristic advocated by the Singapore Ministry of Education since early 1980’s. Despite its ubiquity as a teaching strategy throughout the entire mathematics education ...use of concrete experience is Dewey’sprincipleofinteraction—external factors (e.g., instructional activities) need to mesh with internal factors (readiness, interest). Cognitive views of concrete materials, such as the cognitive alignment perspective and dual-representation hypothesis, provide useful guidance about external factors A concrete representation of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea. Imagery refers to the pattern of related details in a work. In some works one image predominates either by recurring throughout the work or by appearing at a critical point in the plot. Often writers use multiple images throughout a work to suggest states of feeling and to ...
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CONCRETE REPRESENTATION OF ABSTRACT (M)-SPACES (A characterization of the space of continuous functions) By SHIZUO KAKUTANI (Received December 23, 1940) Introduction A …Odisha Cement News: This is the News-site for the company Odisha Cement on Markets Insider Indices Commodities Currencies Stocks22 thg 3, 2017 ... In this paper, the author employs concrete research poetry as a visual representation of a metaphor analysis. Using autoethnographic methods, ...Jan 14, 2014 · A longstanding debate concerns the use of concrete versus abstract instructional materials, particularly in domains such as mathematics and science. Although decades of research have focused on the advantages and disadvantages of concrete and abstract materials considered independently, we argue for an approach that moves beyond this dichotomy and combines their advantages. Specifically, we ... INTRODUCTION. Representations of concrete and abstract concepts in the brain are relevant to understanding language function in both healthy and clinical populations [Eviatar et al., 1990; Kuperberg et al., 2008; Mervis and John, 2008].A series of behavioral advantages of processing concrete compared to abstract concepts have been well …The CRA instructional sequence consists of three stages: concrete, representation, and abstract: x. Concrete. In the concrete stage, the teacher begins instruction by modeling each mathematical concept with concrete materials (e.g., red and yellow chips, cubes, base-ten blocks, pattern blocks, fraction bars, and geometric figures). x ...In a bonus podcast episode titled “Planning Activities for the Year”, we discuss what you need to know in order to teach a song and how to create a plan to ...4 thg 10, 2023 ... 8 likes, 2 comments - babaartandcrafts on October 4, 2023: "Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings.... concrete mixing plants, including cement silos, concrete pumps and concrete recycling systems. For this, the company banks on cutting-edge robotics in form ...Many translated example sentences containing "concrete representation" – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations.Oct 20, 2023 · What is a ‘Concrete’ representation in the CPA approach? As part of the CPA approach, new concepts are introduced through the use of physical objects or practical equipment. These can be physically handled, enabling children to explore different mathematical concepts. could be shown a concrete representation of the addition 6 + 7. He then showed a pictorial representation consisting of two sets, one with 6 large dots, and one with 7 large dots. Finally he moved on to reveal the abstract representation, 6 + 7 = 13. I had previously had a chance to look at Singaporean primary maths textbooksAs a teacher moves through a concrete-to-representational-to-abstract sequence of instruction, the abstract numbers and/or symbols should be used in conjunction with the concrete materials and representational drawings (promotes association of abstract symbols with concrete & representational understanding) [ back to top ]
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14 thg 10, 2019 ... April Snyder emphasizes the power of relationships in personal and professional settings at RJ Lee Group and reveals how adversity only made ...Similar words for Concrete Representation. Definition: noun. ['ˌrɛprəzɛnˈteɪʃən'] a creation that is a visual or tangible rendering of someone or something.In computer science, an abstract data type (ADT) is a mathematical model for data types, defined by its behavior from the point of view of a user of the data, specifically in terms of possible values, possible operations on data of this type, and the behavior of these operations. This mathematical model contrasts with data structures, which are concrete …
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Concrete is the first phase, often referred to as “the doing stage”, when instruction focuses on using manipulatives or concrete objects. Representation (semi-concrete or pictoral) is the second phase, often referred to as “the seeing stage”, when instruction connects the concrete manipulatives to drawing, pictures, and other visual ... on. October 19, 2023. By. Abdul Seye. The House of Representatives has resolved to investigate the adoption of concrete technology for road construction as ordered by the Minister of Works, …Political representation occurs when political actors speak, advocate, symbolize, and act on the behalf of others in the political arena. In short, political representation is a kind of political assistance. This seemingly straightforward definition, however, is not adequate as it stands. For it leaves the concept of political …Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract (CPA) is an effective method for teaching that offers a sustainable and deep understanding of maths to the students. Often marked as the concrete, representational, abstract framework, CPA was first proposed by the American psychologist Jerome Bruner. CPA approach is a crucial strategy to teach maths for …
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Using the concrete-representational-abstract sequence and the strategic instruction model to teach computation to students with autism spectrum disorders and developmental disabilities. Educating and Training in Developmental Disabilities , …2 I ©SO – 3002 All irthgs ersedevr EN ISO 3766:2003 IS:6673 O3002(E) Table 1 — Representation and drawing conventions of concrete reinforcements without prestressing No. Description Representation 1 Views a) General representation of bar by a continuous extra-wide line b) Bent reinforcement bar 1) representation as a polygonal continuous ...
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Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings. Agnes Martin. Art is my life and my life is art. Yoko Ono. Art must destroy violence, only it can do it. Leo Tolstoy Art Quotes From Artists. If I close my eyes, I see things better than with my eyes open. Henri MatisseThe nature of abstract and concrete semantics and differences between them have remained a debated issue in psycholinguistic and cognitive studies for decades. Most of the available behavioral and neuroimaging studies reveal distinctions between these two types of semantics, typically associated with a so-called “concreteness effect.” Many attempts …This study investigates the impact of utilizing dynamically linked concrete and abstract representations of objects in modern, virtual electric circuit laboratories on the cognitive evolution and the representational fluency of high school students. The students (N = 27, aged 16–17) were randomly divided into two classes: the first class …Here are two important ways to make multiplication concrete. 1. Ten frames. To use ten frames as a concrete experience, we need to ensure that students are able to manipulate and work with their hands. This set of magnetic ten frame manipulatives works well to build concrete understanding. Notice that here we are showing 2 groups of 5.The CRA instructional sequence consists of three stages: concrete, representation, and abstract: • Concrete. In the concrete stage, the teacher begins instruction by modeling each mathematical concept with concrete materials (e.g., red and yellow chips, cubes, base-ten blocks, pattern blocks, fraction bars, and geometric figures).Request PDF | Teaching With Concrete and Abstract Visual Representations: Effects on Students' Problem Solving, Problem Representations, and Learning Perceptions | In 3 experiments, we examined ...of the curriculum is the Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA) approach. Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA) approach is an approach in learning Mathematics which is done in stages. Each stage is built on the previous stage and must therefore be taught sequentially. The CPA approach consists of three stages of learning namely learning throughAs a contractor, accuracy is everything when it comes to estimating concrete projects. One tool that can significantly improve the precision and efficiency of your estimates is a concrete estimate calculator.See other industries within the Manufacturing sector: Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing , Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery Manufacturing , Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing , Animal Food Manufacturing , Animal Slaughtering and Processing , Apparel Accessories and Other Apparel Manufacturing , Apparel Knitting ...
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Jan 1, 2014 · As most commonly interpreted in education, mathematical representations are visible or tangible productions – such as diagrams, number lines, graphs, arrangements of concrete objects or manipulatives, physical models, mathematical expressions, formulas and equations, or depictions on the screen of a computer or calculator – that encode, stand for, or embody mathematical ideas or relationships. Here are two important ways to make multiplication concrete. 1. Ten frames. To use ten frames as a concrete experience, we need to ensure that students are able to manipulate and work with their hands. This set of magnetic ten frame manipulatives works well to build concrete understanding. Notice that here we are showing 2 groups of 5.The CRA instructional sequence consists of three stages: concrete, representation, and abstract: • Concrete. In the concrete stage, the teacher begins instruction by modeling each mathematical concept with concrete materials (e.g., red and yellow chips, cubes, base-ten blocks, pattern blocks, fraction bars, and geometric figures).
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that concrete representation s hould be used because children ar e more receptive to concrete op erations (Moyer, 2001), and others declared that children do not need concrete representation to ...Dec 3, 2021 · Stage 1: Concrete and action-based representation using manipulatives like money, counters, cubes, base ten blocks and dice to explore and solve problems — think of it as the ‘doing’ stage. Stage 2: Pictorial representations of concrete objects such as bar models are used to model problems — the ‘seeing’ stage. Here we present a concrete representation of the observational equivalence classes of PCF. This is done via the game semantics model of the mid-nineties by Hyland, Ong, Abramsky et al and gives an explicit characterisation of the semantic preorder that does not involve a large external quantification. In particular, two strategies are ...A parse tree is a concrete representation of the source code. It preserves all the information of the source code, including trivial information such as separators, whitespaces, comments, etc. Whereas, an AST is an abstract representation of the source code, and may not contain some of the information that is there in the source.Khalid, M.a , Embong, Z.b aInternational Islamic University, Malaysia bInternational Islamic University, Malaysia Cited by 0 documents Abstract View references (36) Inform me when this document This paper presents the ﬁndings of an intervention study that emphasizes concrete representation to improve is cited in Scopus: students ...
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The 88-year-old is considered a chameleon among painters — an artist caught between abstraction and concrete representation, who has constantly shifted between new styles of painting.may be helpful to begin lessons with a model of the concrete representation of a math concept to activate students’ prior knowledge. There are various tools that can aid in this type of instruction: • Use a document camera with a virtual platform to show the use of concrete manipulatives during instruction. Aug 2, 2017 · Using the concrete-representational-abstract sequence and the strategic instruction model to teach computation to students with autism spectrum disorders and developmental disabilities. Educating and Training in Developmental Disabilities , 49, 547–554. Having students represent their concrete understandings (representational) by drawing simple pictures that replicate or mimic their use of concrete materials provide students a supported process for transferring their concrete understandings to the abstract level.Aug 17, 2018 · According to Pape and Tchoshanov (2001), multiple representations, including hands-on and visual representation, are critical to the development of students’ mathematical thinking. High-quality instruction in operations should provide hands-on or concrete representation of operations to assist students in their initial understanding. This is a way to render your network using a representation everybody knows: "buildings". To enable this feature in Network Observability, you will need to use Network Observability v1.0 and add "&3d=preview" in the URL. Then go to Topology tab -> Show advanced options -> Display options. From there set Scope option as "Resource" …The method of representation should not be decided solely by the teacher. Representations should include diagrams, illustrations, charts, tables, graphs, models, concrete materials, numbers and number substitutes (algebra) in both digital and analogue forms as a minimum.2 thg 10, 2023 ... Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings. – Agnes Martin CAMPUS 1: 50, Adeshile, Street, llasamaja, Mushin, Lagos, ...15 minutes. 1 pt. Here are Anthony's concrete and numerical representations for the first three pools. Which would be an accurate symbolic representation of the relationship between the width of the pool (w), and the number of tiles in its border (t)? t = 4 w + 8 t=4w+8 t = 4 w + 8. t = 2 w + 8 t=2w+8 t = 2 w + 8. Let’s start off with what is concrete, representational and abstract? I’m going to shorten this up for us. I always call it C-R-A, it’s just easier to say. Other people might say it as Concrete Pictorial to Abstract, so you might also hear it as CPA. The general idea is the same. The first stage is concrete.of learning, namely, concrete, Representation and abstract. There is another term coined by Kami, Kirkland, and L ewis (2001) [5], and this is a concrete teaching sequence to .A symbol is a glyph or character that stands in as a concrete representation of an object, idea, or relationship. An emblem is a more abstract representation, either of an individual (like a king), a group of individuals (like a sports team), or an idea (like a moral truth). Often, emblems are worn as badges or are sewn onto clothing to show ...4 Concrete representation synonyms. What are another words for Concrete representation? Concretism, internal representation, mental representation, representation. Full list of synonyms for Concrete representation is here.Hardie Board refers to James Hardie siding products produced by manufacturer James Hardie. The company has a selection of products that includes HardieTrim Boards and HardieTrim Cement Boards. There are also other cement board manufacturers...15 minutes. 1 pt. Here are Anthony's concrete and numerical representations for the first three pools. Which would be an accurate symbolic representation of the relationship between the width of the pool (w), and the number of tiles in its border (t)? t = 4 w + 8 t=4w+8 t = 4 w + 8. t = 2 w + 8 t=2w+8 t = 2 w + 8.
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Literary realism is a literary genre, part of the broader realism in arts, that attempts to represent subject-matter truthfully, avoiding speculative fiction and supernatural elements.It originated with the realist art movement that began with mid-nineteenth-century French literature and Russian literature (Alexander Pushkin). Literary realism attempts to …Aug 21, 2016 · What is the Concrete-Representational-Abstract (CRA) instructional approach? CRA is a gradual systematic approach to teaching mathematics. Each stage builds on to the previous stage and therefore must be taught in sequence. This three step approach has been found to be highly effective in teaching math concepts. Concrete Stage: So, each type of animal is a concrete representation of the abstract definition of an animal. This is the essential relationship between abstractness and concreteness. Abstract and Concrete Classes in C#. Abstract and concrete classes in programming are modeled after the concepts discussed above. For example, an abstract …Concrete Representation: How the abstract state of a class is represented within a Swift object. For example, MutableLine uses four properties with type int. Representation Invariant: A condition that must be true over all valid concrete representations of a class. The representation invariant also defines the domain of the abstraction function. In maths, teachers often refer to concrete representations - this simply means that the children are using equipment to solve calculations. It can be anything from a ten-frame to base 10 cubes and counting toys such as marbles. See our Twinkl Teaching Wiki for a much more detailed explanation.Thus, the CRA approach found to be better than the conventional in enhancing students' mathematics performance. Keywords: concrete-representation-abstract ...Concrete representation is when a math concept is introduced with manipulatives. So, when students are working with manipulatives, this is the representation we are focusing on. Examples We are helping students make meaning of abstract concepts by giving them a visual of that concept to manipulate. Some examples include:Concrete Representational . Abstract-3+5=2. Why should I use CRA methods? There is a positive impact for students: • Interaction with concrete . materials enhances student retention of stepwise proce-dural options in mathematical problem solving. Concrete materials allow students to encode and retrieve information CST(Concrete Syntax Tree) is a tree representation of the Grammar(Rules of how the program should be written). Depending on compiler architecture, it can be used by the Parser to produce an AST. AST(Abstract Syntax Tree) is a tree representation of Parsed source, produced by the Parser part of the compiler. It stores information about tokens ...Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings. - Agnes Martin Quotations from famous celebrities, politicians, authors, athletes and other ...50/30/20 Budget. The 50/30/20 budget method puts 50% of your income for essential bills like insurance and mortgage, 30% into "fun" or luxury spending, and 20% into savings or debt. If family budgeting feels overwhelming to you that you procrastinate actually doing it, a 50/30/20 plan may be a good place to start.What is "Art is the concrete representation of our most sub... "? "Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings." This is a quote by Agnes Martin which is about . He is known to have been associated with numerous other thought provoking quotes on these topics like; Youth is the gift of nature, but age is a work of art.The lessons followed the CRA instructional sequence. The first three multiplication lessons and first three division lessons were concrete. Concrete multiplication involved translating a problem, such as 6 × 3 into words. The units within six were sets or groups. The three represented the copies or equal-sized amount within each set or group.Definition: Simple drawings of concrete or real items (e.g., marbles, trucks). Common Uses: counting, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division Graphs/Charts Definition: Drawings that depict information using lines, shapes, and colors. Common Uses: comparing numbers, statistics, ratios, algebra Graphic Organizers The term representation refers both to process and to product—in other words, to the act of capturing a mathematical concept or relationship in some form and to the form itself. The child who wrote her age as shown in figure 3.8 used a representation. The graph of f(x) = x3 is a representation. Moreover, the term applies toThe CRA instructional sequence consists of three stages: concrete, representation, and abstract: x. Concrete. In the concrete stage, the teacher begins instruction by modeling each mathematical concept with concrete materials (e.g., red and yellow chips, cubes, base-ten blocks, pattern blocks, fraction bars, and geometric figures). x ...Ohanaeze Ndigbo, the apex socio-cultural organization, on Sunday, expressed deep concern regarding the recent suspension and investigation of cement technology by the …What Is The Concrete Representational Abstract Approach. Watch on. What Is CRA And Why Is It Important. Let’s start off with what is concrete, representational and abstract? I’m going to …Imagery It is a concrete representation of an idea to convey the message by using language that can evoke the five senses. There are five types of imagery: olfactory imagery (sense of smell), tactile imagery (sense of touch), visual imagery (sense of sight), auditory imagery (sense of hearing), and gustatory imagery (sense of taste).14 thg 10, 2019 ... April Snyder emphasizes the power of relationships in personal and professional settings at RJ Lee Group and reveals how adversity only made ...The CRA instructional sequence consists of three stages: concrete, representation, and abstract: x. Concrete. In the concrete stage, the teacher begins instruction by modeling each mathematical concept with concrete materials (e.g., red and yellow chips, cubes, base-ten blocks, pattern blocks, fraction bars, and geometric figures). x ...The concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) approach is a method to teach students mathematical concepts. The CRA involves instruction with manipulatives, representations, and numbers only in different lessons (i.e., concrete lessons include manipulatives but not pictures or numbers only). Researchers are exploring integrating …NCTM 2000, p. 67. Representation can take a variety of forms. Students can use concrete objects to demonstrate mathematical concepts, as when they use toy blocks to model an …
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Mar 27, 2022 · In the book Design Elements by Timothy Samara, Mr. Samara depicts a spectrum for the representation of images, ranging from pictorial (literal/concrete) representation to non pictorial (abstract) representation. Both these territories contain sub territories, denoting/describing the "mode" of representation. Please note image below. All homes can find a concrete flooring that works for them. However, it looks particularly stylish in homes with a more modern style. Expert Advice On Improving Your Home Videos Latest View All Guides Latest View All Radio Show Latest View ...Safe from bugs. Rep invariants and abstraction functions explicate the meaning of a data type’s representation, and how it relates to its abstraction. Abstract data types separate the abstraction from the concrete representation, which makes it possible to change the representation without having to change client code.representation, which leads to gradual formation of a fully developed abstract representation in the mind. Every developed abstract representation of a problem is the underlying source for understanding an infinite number of concrete isomorphic representations.Allegory definition, a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another. See more.
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Using the Concrete, Semi-Concrete and Abstract (CSA) approach to mathematics. Concrete: • In the concrete stage, students use physical manipulatives to ...Concrete can deteriorate for a variety of reasons, and concrete damage is often the result of a combination of factors. The following summary discusses potential causes of concrete deterioration and the factors that influence them. CORROSION OF EMBEDDED METALS Fig. 1. Corrosion of reinforcing steel is the most common cause of concrete ...The concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) instructional sequence of instruction has been shown to be an effective means of teaching conceptual understanding of fractional numbers. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of CRA with remedial multitiered systems of support (MTSS) Tier 2 instruction for teaching fraction …
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a literal and concrete representation of an experience of the senses or of an object known by the senses. figure of speech. an intentional departure from the normal order, construction, or meaning of words. symbol. something that is itself and also stands for something else. Is the city in In His Steps a symbol? 4 thg 10, 2017 ... ... representations of the concrete model. Finally, we come to ABSTRACT representations that use standard mathematical notations, such as ...
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As most commonly interpreted in education, mathematical representations are visible or tangible productions – such as diagrams, number lines, graphs, arrangements of concrete objects or manipulatives, physical models, mathematical expressions, formulas and equations, or depictions on the screen of a computer or calculator – that encode, stand for, or embody mathematical ideas or relationships.acquisition as well as further representation of both concrete and. abstract concepts (Vigliocco et al., 2009). As a side note, this. approach provides a way to deﬁne speciﬁc semantics as a ...Looking at the number of face emoji used to represent respectively the concrete and the abstract concepts, we observed the following frequencies of use: Number of faces used for concrete concepts: 153/3570 = 4.29%. Number of faces used for abstract concepts: 1127/5571 = 20.23%.Painting a concrete floor is one way to change the look and feel of a room or spruce up an older, worn concrete floor. If you want a fresh look that’s durable, it’s a good idea to use epoxy paint for concrete floors.
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Concrete representation is when a math concept is introduced with manipulatives. So, when students are working with manipulatives, this is the representation we are focusing on. Examples We are helping students make meaning of abstract concepts by giving them a visual of that concept to manipulate. Some examples include:The closer the isomorphism between the concrete representation and the symbolic representa- tion, the more obvious will be the analogical procedure, the greater the likely level of understanding, and the less the likelihood of errors through misinterpretations. 40 HALL 2.THE REPRESENTATION OF CONCRETE VERSUS ABSTRACT WORDS: AN EYE-TRACKING STUDY · Mahsa Morid, E. Griffiths, +1 author. T. Zamuner · Published 2020 · Psychology.Political representation occurs when political actors speak, advocate, symbolize, and act on the behalf of others in the political arena. In short, political representation is a kind of political assistance. This seemingly straightforward definition, however, is not adequate as it stands. For it leaves the concept of political …The results on the replication of the first experiment were consistent with the previous study []. 73 % of the participants’ designs were classified as abstract (compared to 71 % in the previous study) and 27 % concrete (29 % in the previous study).When the participants were asked to choose between abstract and concrete designs, 42 % …CONCRETE REPRESENTATION OF ABSTRACT (M)-SPACES (A characterization of the space of continuous functions) By SHIZUO KAKUTANI (Received December 23, 1940) Introduction A …3 thg 9, 2018 ... The extension of this representation for the synthesis and analysis of geometries for layered process of large- scale concrete 3D printing has ...Here are two important ways to make multiplication concrete. 1. Ten frames. To use ten frames as a concrete experience, we need to ensure that students are able to manipulate and work with their hands. This set of magnetic ten frame manipulatives works well to build concrete understanding. Notice that here we are showing 2 groups of 5.İngilizce concrete representation nasıl söylerim? concrete representation için 1 ses telaffuz concrete representation telaffuz, 4 eşanlamlıları, 1 anlamı, 15 çevirileri, ve daha fazlası.The concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) instructional sequence of instruction provides a way for teachers to help students gain meaning from numbers and the mathematical concepts those numbers represent. ... The length model involves the representation of fractions using a number line that has equal-sized partitions between …Jul 16, 2020 · WHAT IS THE CONCRETE REPRESENTATIONAL ABSTRACT MODEL? The CRA Model is an instructional approach for teaching math. It consists of three phases: Concrete; Representational; Abstract; In the concrete phase, we focus on using hands-on manipulatives. Students should be able to move and manipulate 3D objects to represent their thinking. Similar words for Concrete Representation. Definition: noun. ['ˌrɛprəzɛnˈteɪʃən'] a creation that is a visual or tangible rendering of someone or something.3 thg 9, 2018 ... The extension of this representation for the synthesis and analysis of geometries for layered process of large- scale concrete 3D printing has ...Concrete data types or structures provide how these operations are actually implemented. 2: Most of the program becomes independent of the abstract data types representation, so it can be improved without breaking the program. Which is not possible in Concrete Data Types or structure (CDT) 3On the concrete representation of discrete enriched abstract clones Marcelo Fiore Department of Computer Science and Technology, University of Cambridge
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Concrete representations typically lend themselves to multiple abstractions. For example, a cellular phone could be construed also as a “small object,” and “playing ball” could be construed as “exercising.” An abstract representation is selected according to its relevance to one’s goals. NCTM 2000, p. 67. Representation can take a variety of forms. Students can use concrete objects to demonstrate mathematical concepts, as when they use toy blocks to model an …
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Safe from bugs. Rep invariants and abstraction functions explicate the meaning of a data type’s representation, and how it relates to its abstraction. Abstract data types separate the abstraction from the concrete representation, which makes it possible to change the representation without having to change client code.Now, if you don’t know what CRA is, let me give a quick refresher. So, the C stands for Concrete. This is typically where we have kids doing hands-on stuff with manipulatives. And then the R stands for Representation. This is typically where we have kids draw a model or a representation of the concrete things we’ve been doing.A term designating both a quality and the subject in which it exists; a concrete term. The concretes "father" and "son" have, or might have, the abstracts "paternity" and "filiety". Sugar boiled down from cane juice to a solid mass. To unite or coalesce, as separate particles, into a mass or solid body.The teaching sequence is not beginning from concrete to abstract 26 Not involving teaching and learning of mathematics 159 “Manipulatives” does not refer to teaching aids 17 “CPA” is not referring to “Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract” or “CRA” is not referring to “Concrete-Representation-Abstract” 10 Total 235 Data Pre-processingnoun. Synonyms for concrete representation. noun a representation of an abstract idea in concrete terms. Synonyms. concretism. Related Words. internal representation. mental …Using the concrete-representational-abstract sequence and the strategic instruction model to teach computation to students with autism spectrum disorders and developmental disabilities. Educating and Training in Developmental Disabilities , …Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like An economic model is: A. a concrete representation of reality B. as close to reality as possible C. too abstract to be useful when assumptions are involved D. unrelated to reality E. an abstract representation of reality, Suppose a bakery produces raspberry cheese cookies using the following: a …ically, we develop a concrete representation of quantum operators as path-sums – exponential sums of basis states over a ﬁnite set of Boolean path variables. Our path-sums directly coincide with the standard mathematical presentation of common quantum circuits and algorithms (e.g., [25]), and further allow theConcrete is a versatile and durable material that is used in many construction projects. It is important to know the average price of concrete per yard before beginning a project. There are several factors that can affect the price of concr...Concrete data. Abstract dataypes allow us to hide the representation of data behind interfaces. To pass information across interfaces, however, we still need a sufficiently rich class of concrete datatypes whose representation is not hidden. This is particularly relevant when communicating across a network. In this case, we can’t efficiently ...Feb 21, 2021 · of learning, namely, concrete, Representation and abstract. There is another term coined by Kami, Kirkland, and L ewis (2001) [5], and this is a concrete teaching sequence to . Sift like Eratosthenes. Sandy Buczynski, Jennifer Gorsky, Lynn McGrath, and Perla Myers. The concrete, pictorial, and abstract methods of this lesson give students access to investigate, isolate, define, and use prime numbers.A concrete representation of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea. Imagery refers to the pattern of related details in a work. In some works one image predominates either by recurring throughout the work or by appearing at a critical point in the plot. Often writers use multiple images throughout a work to suggest states of feeling and to ...Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings. - Agnes Martin Quotations from famous celebrities, politicians, authors, athletes and other ...The nature of abstract and concrete semantics and differences between them have remained a debated issue in psycholinguistic and cognitive studies for decades. Most of the available behavioral and neuroimaging studies reveal distinctions between these two types of semantics, typically associated with a so-called “concreteness effect.” Many attempts have been made to explain these ...One might argue that concrete concepts possess shared-by-all neurons which encode semantic features that are central to the meaning of the concept and are therefore relatively independent of context (but note that the representation of concrete concepts is by no means entirely independent of context, see Yee & Thompson-Schill, 2016 for review ...According to this model, all the hydration products deposit over the cement particles and hence the hydrating cement particles are represented as growing spheres. Maekawa et al. [ 3 ] developed a model called DUrability of COncrete Model (DUCOM) which can demonstrate the microstructure formation of hardening concrete and also …The concrete can help them develop a better understanding of the representation and the abstract. These should not be done in isolation. They can work together in the same lesson to help kids build their deep understanding of fractions and what it means to operate with fractions.
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As a contractor, accuracy is everything when it comes to estimating concrete projects. One tool that can significantly improve the precision and efficiency of your estimates is a concrete estimate calculator.The concrete–representational–abstract (CRA) sequence of instruction is an explicit methodology for teaching mathematics using multiple representations of concepts. Background/aims/methods: The Concrete-Representational-Abstract (CRA) instructional approach supports students with disabilities in mathematics. Yet, no research explores the use of the CRA approach to teach functional-based mathematics for this population and limited research explores the CRA approach for students who have a disability different …The percentage correct responses on the concrete word stimulus sets are shown in Fig. 3B.The results for both word sets were considered together. A Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test showed that A.Z. was significantly less accurate at pointing to the target word in same semantic category arrays than different semantic category …1. No difference view: abstract and concrete concepts have the same core representations. According to both (a) amodal (e.g., Fodor, 1998) and (b) strictly modal (e.g., Barsalou, 1999) theories of concepts and words, concrete, and abstract sentences are represented in the same format (amodal vs. modal). Based on the results, it has been found that the teaching strategies for vocabulary employed by ELT Teachers in KIP, Kediri were rote learning, flash card exchange, drawing games, guessing game ...
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Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract (CPA) is an effective method for teaching that offers a sustainable and deep understanding of maths to the students. Often marked as the concrete, representational, abstract framework, CPA was first proposed by the American psychologist Jerome Bruner. CPA approach is a crucial strategy to teach maths for mastery in ...Hughes (1986) asked 5- to 7-year-olds to solve simple problems, such as 1 + 7 = 8, with toy bricks. The children were told to use the bricks to show the written problems. Thus, children were asked to translate the abstract, symbolic representation of the written problem into a concrete representation with the bricks.Hypernyms ("concrete representation" is a kind of...): internal representation; mental representation; representation (a presentation to the mind in the form of an idea or image) Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "concrete representation"): embodiment; shape (a concrete representation of an otherwise nebulous concept) But they do give a concrete representation of scenes from Scripture. Pitts Theology Library A digital library maintained by a Lutheran college in the USA. Has "more than 48,000 images of biblical illustrations, portraits of religious leaders, printers' devices, engravings of church buildings, and other theological topics. They are available for ...
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